For a given eBird Status and Trends species, produce a line plot showing the partial dependence (PD) relationship for a given predictor. Two options for smoothing are provided.

  bootstrap_smooth = TRUE,
  show_stixel_pds = FALSE,
  show_quantiles = FALSE,
  n_bs = 100,
  ss_equivalent = 10,
  k = 25,
  ci_alpha = 0.05,
  gbm_n_trees = 500,
  ylim = NULL,
  plot = TRUE



data frame; partial dependence data from load_pds().


character; single predictor name to plot PD for. For a full list of predictors, and their associated definitions, see ebirdst_predictors.


ebirdst_extent object; the spatiotemporal extent over which to calculate PDs. This is required, since results are less meaningful over large spatiotemporal extents.


logical; the ideal visualization of the PD data is a pointwise GAM smoothing of the individual stixel PD values. This argument specifies whether this should be done directly on the full PD dataset (bootstrap_smooth = FALSE) or by subsampling and bootstrapping. The latter approach deals with the randomness in the data and can be more efficient for large datasets.


logical; whether to plot the individual stixel PD values as semi-transparent lines.


logical; adds a band for the upper (90th) and lower (10th) quantiles of the individual stixel PD values. These are calculated using quantile regression.


int; number of GAM bootstrap iterations when estimating PD confidence intervals. Ignored if bootstrap_smooth = FALSE.


int; when bootstrapping to estimate PD confidence intervals, this argument specifies the size of the subsample of the original data. In particular, ss_equivalent should be an integer representing the equivalent sampling size when averaging this number of PD estimates.


integer; number of knots to use in the GAM when smooth the PD relationship.


numeric; alpha level of confidence intervals. Default is 0.05.


integer; number of trees to fit in the GBM when estimating quantiles. Ignored if show_quantiles = FALSE. Default is 500.


numeric; 2-element vector to pre-define the y-limits of plotting. In the format c(ymin, ymax).


logical; whether to plot the PD relationships or just return data.


Plots the smoothed partial dependence relationship for the specified predictor and returns a data frame of the smoothed curve with confidence intervals.


if (FALSE) {
# download example data
path <- ebirdst_download("example_data", tifs_only = FALSE)
# or get the path if you already have the data downloaded
path <- get_species_path("example_data")

# load predictor dependence data
pds <- load_pds(path)

# define a spatiotemporal extent to plot data from
bb_vec <- c(xmin = -90, xmax = -82, ymin = 41, ymax = 48)
e <- ebirdst_extent(bb_vec, t = c("05-01", "05-31"))

# for testing, run with 5 bootstrap iterations for speed
# in practice, best to run with the default number of iterations (100)
pd_smooth <- plot_pds(pds, "solar_noon_diff_mid", ext = e, n_bs = 5)